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  • Still from Refrigerator Mothers

    Still from Refrigerator Mothers

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The Film

From the 1950s through the '70s, the medical establishment thought it had found the root cause of autism: poor mothering. Doctors presumed that the bizarre behaviors of autistic children stemmed from their mothers' emotional frigidity. Now we know that autism is a brain disorder. But for a generation of women, branded as cold "refrigerator mothers," the damage had been done.

The Filmmakers

  1. David E. SimpsonProducer
  2. J.J. HanleyProducer
  3. Gordon QuinnProducer